Gavin Luis Maxillofacial Institute

TMJ Treatment

Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) describes a variety of conditions which affect the jaw joint(s) and or the muscles around the jaw. It is a very common condition, affecting more than a quarter of the population worldwide. It can be due to problems in the muscles, problems in the joints, or a bit of both.

Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) is mostly not serious and symptoms usually only last a few months before getting better. However, symptoms may come back from time to time in a cyclical fashion. Many people have some signs of TMD, but only a small number suffer pain or other symptoms

Signs and symptoms of

Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)

  1. Frequent headaches around the forehead and temples
  2. Jaw pain in one or both sides
  3. Aching pain in and around the ear
  4. Pain on opening wide or yawing
  5. Difficulty chewing or pain while chewing
  6. Jaw noises that may affect one or both sides and include popping, clicking or grating noises when the jaw moves
  7. Jaw locking, or difficulty opening  the mouth
  8. Tired and sore muscles in the sides of the head and face
  9. Neck and shoulder aching and stiffness
Causes of

Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)

Nowadays, it is believed that Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) is caused by many things acting together. Symptoms such as discomfort and pain can be caused, prolonged, or made worse by the following factors which may act alone or in combination with one another:

  • Changes in the body’s response to pain
  • Emotional or life stresses
  • Clenching or grinding the teeth together which may occur when awake (awake bruxism) or during sleep (sleep bruxism) or both. This may be brought on when concentrating at a particular task like working on a PC, driving, being extra busy, or annoyed
  • Straining the joints and muscles by chewing pencils, biting nails, holding things in the mouth, holding the telephone between the neck and shoulder!
  • Overworking the masticatory muscles by frequent use of chewing gum


The main causes of TMJ flare ups are stress, which can lead to jaw clenching or bruxism (teeth grinding) while you’re asleep or awake; hormonal changes, such as those brought on by birth control or supplements; hard and chewy foods, which can strain the already stressed TMJ and includes foods such as apples.

Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD)does not usually keep getting worse. In the majority of cases the problem tends to come and go, often feeling worse during times of increased emotional stresses. Studies demonstrate that it does not tend to get worse with age. The important thing is to get the problem diagnosed and effectively treated.

TMJ Treatment

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Maxillofacial surgery is an operation performed by a highly trained dental surgeon. A variety of maxillofacial procedures can treat diseases, fix injuries or correct defects in your face, jaw or mouth. As with any operation, maxillofacial surgery has certain risks. But the procedures help many reduce pain, fix deformities and restore function.

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